Research into the processes of selection and mutation that are acting to shape genomes. It is well known that selection shapes the pattern of genomic changes that accumulate as populations diverge from a common ancestor, but it is becoming increasingly clear that variation in the pattern of new mutations can also generate superficially similar signals. Improved separation of these confounding evolutionary signatures is crucial if we are to understand how organisms evolve, and to relate contemporary genetic changes to human biology and disease.

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  • Pervasive lesion segregation shapes cancer genome evolution 

    Aitken, Sarah; Anderson, Craig; Frances, Connor; Rayner, Tim; Lukk, Margus; Feng, Christine; Semple, Colin; Lopez-Bigas, Nuria; Flicek, Paul; Odom, Duncan; Taylor, Martin
    Cancers arise through the acquisition of oncogenic mutations and grow by clonal expansion. Here we reveal that most mutagenic DNA lesions are not resolved into a mutated DNA base pair within a single cell cycle. Instead, ...
  • GenomeArtiFinder variant include list 

    Luft, Juliet; Taylor, Martin
    Background: The loss of genetic diversity in segments over a genome (loss-of-heterozygosity, LOH) is a common occurrence in many types of cancer. By analysing patterns of preferential allelic retention during LOH in ...
  • Bidirectional transcription initiation marks accessible chromatin and is not specific to enhancers 

    Young, Robert; Taylor, Martin
    Enhancers are modular regulatory elements that are central to the spatial and temporal regulation of gene expression. Bidirectional transcription initiating at enhancers has been proposed to mark active enhancers and as ...
  • Lagging strand replication shapes the mutational landscape of the genome 

    Taylor, Martin; Kemp, Harriet; Marion de Procé, Sophie; Reijns, Martin; Ding, James; Jackson, Andrew
    The origin of mutations is central to understanding evolution and of key relevance to health. Variation occurs non-randomly across the genome, and mechanisms for this remain to be defined. Here we report that the 5' ends ...